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Death of Muhammad and spread of Islam:
Five Pillars of Islam:
1. Shahada: Faith
It is declaration of faith. It reads as " There is no God but God and Muhammad is the messenger of God." It is important to recite these words to become a Muslim and to convert to Islam.
2. Salat: Prayer
It is ritual prayers five times a day- at dawn, noon, afternoon, evening and night. All of these prayers are recited while facing in the direction of Kabaa in Mecca.These prayers are obligatory unless you haven't hit the puberty or are too sick or are menstruating.
3. Sawm: Fasting
Three types of fating is recognized in Quran. Ritual fasting, fasting as a compensation for repentance and ascetic fasting.
Ritual fasting is an obligatory act during the month of Ramadan in which Muslims don't eat or drink during daylight hours.Since Ramadan is a lunar calendar month, it moves around the year and is most fun during winter when days are small and obviously least fun in summer as days are both hot and longer.
4. Zakat: Charity
It is practice of charitable giving to the community from which the wealth was accumulated. A non-poor Muslim is required to give some percentage of their income to the poor. If a person doesn't have enough money, he should compensate for it by other means such as good deeds and good behavior towards other.
5.Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca
The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic months of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca. A muslim is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives provided they are healthy and have enough money.